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Georges Clairin - Portrait of Sarah Bernhardt
Armand Point - Peacock Casket
Camille Alaphilippe - Woman with Monkey
Aristide  Maillol - Seated female nude with her left hand on her head. Study for The Mediterranean
Louis-Robert Carrier-Belleuse - The Struggle for Life vase
Léon  Lhermitte - Les Halles
Fernand Pelez - The Death of Emperor Commodus
Pierre-Auguste Renoir - Ambroise Vollard in a Red Scarf
Jean Carriès - My Portrait
Emile Gallé - Two-handled vase
Georges-Henri Lemaire - Silence or Immortality
Charles-Alexandre Giron - Woman wearing gloves, also known as The Parisienne
Paul Sérusier - Tricoteuse au bas rose
Pierre-Auguste  Renoir - Portrait of Madame de Bonnières
Berthe Morisot - Jeune fille en décolleté - La fleur aux cheveux
Pierre Bonnard - Conversation à Arcachon
Pierre-Adrien Dalpayrat - Dish : The judgment of Paris
Joseph-Marius Avy  - Bal blanc
Marie Constantine Bashkirtseff - Parisienne, Portrait of Irma
Maurice Denis - Female bathers at Perros-Guirec
Fernand Pelez - La Vachalcade
Alfred Sisley - The Church at Moret (Evening)
Théophile Alexandre Steinlen - Ball on the 14th of July
Edmond  Aman-Jean - Miss Ella Carmichaël
Raoul Larche - Buste d'enfant (portrait présumé de Marcel Lerolle)
Sarah Bernhardt - Dagger : algues
 Baccarat Factory - Vase à décor de cactus
Emile Gallé - Commode, Le Sang d'Arménie
 Bracquemond (Félix), Rousseau (Eugène), Creil and Montereau factory - Round dish. Rousseau dinner service
Félix  Vallotton - Femme au bouquet
Emmanuel Frémiet - Le pélican gastronome
George Desvallières - Portrait de Mademoiselle Yvonne Robiquet
Léonard Agathon - Deux esquisses pour le Jeu de l'Echarpe

Bastille Day 1880, inauguration of the monument to the Republic

Paris, 1846 - Paris, 1919
Circa 1882
Oil on canvas
175 x 269 cm

In 1880, the state commissioned a canvas from the painter Alfred-Philippe Roll to commemorate the first official celebration of Bastille Day.

The government had just adopted the anniversaries of the fall of the Bastille (14 July 1789) and the fête de la Fédération (14 July 1790, celebrating the constitutional monarchy in France). To mark this occasion, a plaster model of the statue by the Morice brothers, which was still being created, was erected on the place de la République.

Roll painted a huge canvas measuring 63 m2 which was completed for the Salon of 1882 and donated to the City of Paris in 1884. The work is now preserved in the Petit Palais. This monumental painting was the subject of many preparatory studies, including this large sketch with broad areas of colour demonstrating the artist’s fondness for light and movement.

A panorama of working-class joy, this commission is in keeping with Roll’s large naturalist compositions: The Miners’ Strike, 1880 (Valenciennes Museum) and Work, 1885 (Cognac Museum). This painter of modern life had a feel for crowds. He considered that a good portrait consisted of a lively figure placed in a social context. His Bastille Day with band, dancers, street vendors and passers-by cheering the military parade demonstrates this to spectacular effect.

Inventory number: 
Inventory number : PPP00829
Acquisition details : Acquired in 1928
Room 39
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